Lessons in the shoulders.

Stem cell treatment.

The injuries in men considerably affect the quality of life in patients, making them in extreme cases dependent on a second person to perform common activities, it is for them that medical science has dedicated comprehensive studies for the treatment of these injuries.

At Novastem, our orthopedic specialists use innovative stem cell treatments that can help improve and make a patient with shoulder injuries more independent. For more information on how we can help you, schedule an appointment with one of our specialists (CTA).

Shoulder anatomy

What is the shoulder?

The shoulder is the part of the body that serves as the link between the arm and the body. It is formed by the junction of the ends of three bones: the clavicle, the scapula (shoulder blade) and the humerus, as well as muscles, ligaments and tendons.

The main shoulder joint joins the head of the humerus and the scapula or shoulder blade and is called the scapulohumeral joint and has two articular surfaces (one corresponds to the head of the humerus and the other to the glenoid cavity of the scapula). Thus, the head of the arm bone fits into a rounded cavity of the scapula.

The two surfaces are covered with cartilage to allow smooth and painless movement. In addition, a set of muscles and tendons attach to the bone surfaces and make joint mobility possible. Among them is very important the rotator cuff, formed by four muscles that give mobility and stability to the shoulder. The shoulder is the joint with the greatest range of motion in the entire body.

Most shoulder-specific problems develop in the glenohumeral joint and/or the acromioclavicular (AC) joint. In addition there are other problems at the scapulothoracic joint and the sternoclavicular joint, but the latter are more infrequent. As all these structures are close to the cervical spine of the neck, there is also radiating pain of cervical origin.

If you have a shoulder injury, we can help you at Novastem. For more information on how we can help you, schedule an appointment with one of our specialists.

Function of the shoulder

The shoulder is actually formed by a set of joints that combine with tendons and muscles and allow a wide range of movements in the arm and that allow us from scratching our back, to swimming, writing, using the cutlery or playing certain sports that require the use of the arms (basketball, handball, tennis, paddle tennis, etc.).

Pathologies that can affect the shoulder

Most shoulder pathologies fall into 4 categories:

Thus, the main pathologies suffered by the shoulders are:

Bursitis: small fluid-filled sacs located in joints throughout the body and the shoulder as well. Sometimes overuse of the shoulder leads to inflammation or swelling of the bursa located between the rotator cuff and the shoulder blade. This becomes inflamed and painful.

Tendonitis: The tendon is a kind of cord that connects the muscle and bone. Most tendonitis results from wear and tear of the tendon. It can be acute or chronic, when it is produced by some degenerative disease. The most commonly affected are the four rotator cuff tendons and one of the biceps tendons.

Tendon tears: may be the result of acute injury or degenerative changes due to aging, prolonged overuse, wear and tear or sudden injury. They may be partial or completely rupture the tendon. Rotator cuff and biceps tendon injuries are the most common.

Compression: occurs when the upper part of the shoulder blade presses on the underlying soft tissues as the arm is lifted away from the body. As the arm is lifted, the part of the shoulder blade compresses the rotator cuff tendons and bursa. This causes pain and can lead to tendonitis or bursitis. If compression is allowed to continue, it can lead to a rotator cuff tear.

Instability: occurs when the head of the arm bone is forced out of the shoulder socket. It can occur from a sudden injury or overuse. A shoulder dislocation can be partial or complete.

Osteoarthritis: usually from wear and tear. Symptoms (inflammation, pain and stiffness) usually begin in middle age and pain worsens over time. May be related to sports, work or wear and tear injuries.

Fracture: is the breakage of a bone. They usually involve the clavicle (neck bone), humerus (arm bone) and scapula (shoulder blade). In older patients they are usually fall injuries. In younger people they are often caused by an injury related to traffic accidents or contact sports injuries. Fractures cause a lot of pain and swelling.

If you have a shoulder injury, we can help you at Novastem, for more information on how we can help you, schedule an appointment with one of our specialists (CTA).

Treatments for shoulder pathologies

The main treatment for shoulder injuries usually involves rest, a change in activities and physical therapy (physiotherapy) to improve shoulder strength and flexibility.

As a result of the injuries, overexertion or activities to which the patient is not accustomed should be avoided.

In addition to the above the specialist in Traumatology can indicate some medication to reduce the inflammation and the pain, always following the indications of the specialist so that it is effective.

Finally, surgery may be necessary to resolve some injuries. However, most shoulder injuries will respond to simple treatments (change of activities, rest, moderate physical exercise or medication).

If surgery is necessary, the most common are arthroscopy, to repair torn tissues, or traditional open procedures, if the reconstruction is major.

Benefits of Using Stem Cell Treatment

Shoulder injuries, including rotator cuff tears, can be difficult to treat and tend to heal slowly. If you have a rotator cuff tear and continue to use your arm, it could cause even more damage. Depending on the severity of the tear, stem cell therapy may be the best treatment option. The goal of stem cell therapy is to reduce pain and restore function.

Patients with a partial rotator cuff tear are excellent candidates for stem cell therapy. Stem cell therapy can improve range of motion, reduce inflammation, reduce stiffness and potentially delay or eliminate the need for surgery; allowing patients to fully participate in the activities they enjoy.

Stem cell therapy is an excellent alternative treatment for patients trying to avoid surgery or for patients who do not respond to current non-surgical treatment. Complete rotator cuff tears usually require surgical repair, but after surgery, stem cell therapy can help speed the healing process, reduce pain and decrease the need for physical therapy.

If you have a shoulder injury, we can help you at Novastem. For more information on how we can help you, schedule an appointment with one of our specialists.

How do we do it at Novastem?

Over the years, numerous attempts have been made to discover medical and non-medical treatment options for this condition. In some cases, medical treatments have led to increased survival and improved quality of life, and options for non-medical therapeutics have emerged. 

Novastem’s goal with our treatments is to reverse the lack of functionality, eliminating pain and allowing you to enjoy 100% of daily activities and life again.

In Novastem we have the strictest protocols of acceptance to treat a patient laboratory studies are performed before each therapy, we use for joint injuries injection of mesenchymal stem cells derived from bone marrow with platelet-rich plasma or PRP, the treatment is guided by ultrasound and / or fluoroscopy of a single day with or without anesthesia for direct application in the area to be treated.

Novastem has treatments to treat lesions in men. For more information on how we can help you, schedule an appointment with one of our specialists.

For more information on how we can help you, schedule an appointment with one of our specialists

Learn more about the scientific basis of our work at Novastem here.

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